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As the European Union tries to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, the Russian president recently said Russia would try to shift its energy exports to the east, adding that there was no way for European countries to give up Russian gas immediately.
Russia supplies about 40 percent of the EU's gas, and western sanctions imposed over the conflict with Ukraine have complicated financing and logistical arrangements for existing agreements, hitting Russian energy exports, the report noted.
Russia has been building closer ties with China and other Asian countries as the European Union debates whether to impose sanctions on Russian gas and oil and member states seek supplies from elsewhere, Reuters said.
"So-called partners from unfriendly countries admit that they cannot survive without Russian energy, including gas," the Russian president said in a televised government meeting. There is no reasonable alternative to Russian gas in Europe right now."
He also said Europe was driving up energy prices and destabilizing markets by talking about cutting off Russia's energy supplies. Russia, which produces about a tenth of the world's oil and a fifth of its natural gas, will need new infrastructure to increase energy supplies to Asia, he said.
He ordered Moscow to submit a plan by June 1, including "the expansion of transport infrastructure to countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific region".
He also sought to clarify the possibility of integrating two pipelines -- the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline in the Far East and the "Power of Siberia" gas pipeline to China -- into Russia's unified gas supply system. In theory, connecting these routes to larger gas networks could allow Russia to divert gas from Europe to Asia.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk tungsten carbide are still very uncertain.
About Tungsten Carbide WC Powder:
Tungsten carbide is a compound composed of tungsten and carbon. Tungsten carbide formula is WC, and Tungsten carbide molecular weight is 195.85.
Tungsten carbide color: The most basic form of tungsten carbide is a fine gray powder, but it can be pressed into shapes through a process called sintering for use in industrial machinery, cutting tools, abrasives, armor-piercing bullets, and jewelry.
The stiffness of tungsten carbide is about twice that of steel, and Young's modulus is about 530-700 GPa (77,000 to 102,000 ksi), which is twice the density of steel and is almost between lead and gold. Its hardness is comparable to that of corundum (α-Al2O3), and only cubic boron nitride and diamond powder, grinding wheels and compounds with high hardness abrasives can be used for polishing and finishing.
Tungsten carbide is also used to make tungsten carbide rings, tungsten carbide mens rings, tungsten carbide wedding bands, tungsten carbide mens wedding bands, etc. Because tungsten carbide rings price is cheaper than gold or platinum rings, and tungsten carbide is more scratch-resistant than any other metal, and available in a wide variety of styles, colors, and inlays, like black tungsten carbide rings, tungsten carbide rings gold.
Black tungsten carbide is a hexagonal crystal with metallic luster and hardness similar to that of a diamond. It is a good conductor of electricity and heat. Tungsten carbide is insoluble in water, hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid, but easily soluble in a mixed acid of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid. Pure tungsten carbide is fragile, and if a small amount of titanium, cobalt and other metals are added, the brittleness can be reduced. Tungsten carbide used as a steel cutting tool is often added with titanium carbide, tantalum carbide or their mixture to improve the anti-knock ability. Tungsten carbide is chemically stable. Tungsten carbide powder is used in cemented carbide production materials.
Feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price of tungsten carbide if you would like to buy tungsten carbide powder in bulk.
Performance of of of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
Black hexagonal crystals; Melting point 2870 ° C ± 50 ° C; Boiling point 6000 ° C; Dissolved in mixed acid of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid, also in aqua regia; Insoluble in cold water; The relative density of 15.63; Strong acid resistance; High hardness, High elastic modulus; Use for the production of various alloys.
Technical parameters of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
|WC||Molecular Weight||Total Carbon||Free Carbon||O||As||Bi||Ca||Cd|
How is Tungsten Carbide WC Powder produced?
Using metal tungsten and carbon as raw materials, tungsten powder with an average particle size of 3 to 5 μm and carbon black of the same amount are dry mixed with a ball mill, fully mixed, press-molded, and placed into a graphite plate, and then placed in a graphite resistance furnace Or it can be heated to 1400～1700℃ in an induction furnace, preferably 1550～1650℃. In the hydrogen stream, W2C is initially produced and continues to react at high temperatures to produce WC. Or firstly, tungsten hexacarbonyl is thermally decomposed at 650-1000°C in the CO atmosphere to obtain tungsten powder, and then reacted with carbon monoxide at 1150°C to obtain WC. Temperatures higher than this temperature can generate W2C.
Chemical reaction formula:
2W + C = W2C
W + C = WC
Tungsten trioxide WO3 is hydrogenated and reduced to prepare tungsten powder (average particle size 3～5μm). Then, the mixture of tungsten powder and carbon black in an equimolar ratio (dry-blended with a ball mill for about 10 hours) is press-formed under a pressure of about 1t/cm2. Put the pressurized material block into a graphite pan or crucible, and heat it to 1400～1700℃ (preferably 1550～1650) in a hydrogen stream (using pure hydrogen with a dew point of -35℃) using a graphite resistance furnace or an induction electric furnace ℃), carburizing will produce WC. The reaction starts from around the tungsten particles, because W2C is generated at the beginning of the reaction, and because the reaction is incomplete (mainly because the reaction temperature is low), unreacted W and intermediate W2C remain in addition to WC. Therefore, it must be heated to the above-mentioned high temperature. The maximum temperature should be determined according to the particle size of raw tungsten. For coarse particles with an average particle size of about 150 μm, the reaction proceeds at a high temperature of 1550 to 1650°C.
Chemical reaction formula:
WO3 + 3H2 → W + 3H2O
2WO3 + 3C → 2W + 3CO2
2W + C = W2C
W + C = WC
Applications of Tungsten Carbide WC Powder:
Tungsten carbide is widely used as high-speed cutting tools, furnace structural materials, jet engine parts, cermet materials, resistance heating elements, etc. Used to manufacture cutting tools, wear-resistant parts, melting crucibles for metals such as copper, cobalt, and bismuth, and wear-resistant semiconductor films.
Tungsten carbide is used as super-hard tool material and wear-resistant material.
Tungsten carbide can form a solid solution with many carbides. WC-TiC-Co cemented carbide tools have been widely used.
Tungsten carbide can also be used as a modified additive of NbC-C and TaC-C ternary system carbides, which can reduce the sintering temperature and maintain excellent performance. It can be used as aerospace materials.
Tungsten carbide (WC) powder can also be synthesized by using tungsten anhydride (WO3) and graphite in a reducing atmosphere at a high temperature of 1400～1600℃. Dense ceramic products can be obtained by hot pressing sintering or hot isostatic pressing sintering.
Tungsten carbide (WC) powder can also be used to produce high capability nano-crystalline or superfine horniness alloy, hard-face abrasion-resistant spraying and petrochemical cracking catalyst; Chipless forming tools; Cutting tools; Mining tolls; Nano-composites (for enhanced hardness, strength, and wear resistance); Erosion-resistant coatings; wear-resistance coatings; Corrosion-resistant coatings; Wear-resistant parts.
Storage Condition of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
Tungsten carbide WC powder dispersion performance and using effects, therefore, niobium carbide NbC powder should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in a cool and dry room, the niobium carbide can not be exposure to air. In addition, the NbC powder should be avoided under stress.
Packing & Shipping of Tungsten carbide WC powder :
We have many different kinds of packing which depend on the niobium carbide NbC powder quantity.
Tungsten carbide WC powder packing: vacuum packing, 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Tungsten carbide WC powder shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, by express as soon as possible once payment receipt.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including boride powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, sulfide powder, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality tungsten carbide powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (email@example.com)
Tungsten Carbide Properties
|Other Names||tungsten(IV) carbide, WC powder|
|Appearance||Gray Black Powder|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Electrical Resistivity||1 10x Ω-m|
|Specific Heat||280 J/kg-K|
|Tensile Strength||350 MPa|
|Thermal Conductivity||85 W/m-K|
|Thermal Expansion||5.4 µm/m-K|
|Young's Modulus||630 GPa|
Tungsten Carbide Health & Safety Information
Against the backdrop of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and Western sanctions imposed on Russia's natural gas exports, the price of natural gas and liquefied natural gas in the international market has soared, and the trend of returning to burning fuels such as oil and coal because natural gas cannot afford it has become increasingly prominent, Bloomberg reported recently. Data show that in early August, the price of natural gas on the international market was almost twice that of diesel, while the price of natural gas in Europe was almost three times that of high-sulfur fuel oil and propane. Industry insiders pointed out that many governments have recently announced that they will allow power stations to increase the use of oil and coal fuel because of concerns about the shortage of natural gas supply this winter. The International Energy Agency estimates that global oil demand will grow by 380000 barrels a day to 2.1 million barrels a day, based on the shift to oil in power stations and factories.
As the situation in the field of power generation varies from country to country, there are great differences in the extent to which countries use fuels such as oil and coal. Countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh have large facilities that can switch between natural gas and fuel. In some countries, coal-fired and oil-fired power stations have been decommissioned for a long time, and the maintenance conditions of the equipment are different, so it is doubtful whether they can resume operation quickly.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology is a trusted chemical manufacturer and supplier providing high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. If you are looking for the tungsten carbide, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.
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