• 0
  • 0

Silicon Nitride structures and properties

Crystal structure of Silicon Nitride
Si3N4 has 2 type of crystal structure: α& alpha;- Si3N4 is granular crystal and also β& beta; -Si3N4 is needle crystal. Both of them are three-dimensional networks made up of common vertices of [SN4] tetrahedron and belong to hexagonal system. The difference between them hinges on the order of [SiN4] tetrahedral layers. The β & beta; stage is formed by the overlap of hexagonal ring layers made up of 6 virtually completely balanced [SN4] tetrahedrons in the c-axis instructions, while the α & alpha; phase is developed by 2 layers of concrete change as well as various non-hexagonal ring layers. α & alpha; phase can liquify oxygen in the variety of crystal framework, and also the inner stress of α & alpha; stage is larger than that of β & beta; stage, so the totally free power is higher than that of β & beta; phase. From the viewpoint of thermodynamics, the β & beta; phase is a lot more stable at greater temperature. The & alpha; phase has reduced symmetry as well as is simple to develop. At the temperature level of regarding 1500 ℃, the α & alpha; phase goes through a repair change and also is transformed into β & beta; phase. This transformation is permanent, and the existence of some procedure problems as well as high quality is much more helpful to the improvement from α & alpha; stage to & beta; phase. & alpha;-Si3N4 is created when the temperature βis lower than 1350 ℃, and & beta;-Si3N4 can be directly prepared at a temperature level

more than 1500 ℃. Silicon Nitride buildings The molecular formula of silicon nitride is Si3N4, of which Si represent 60.06% and also dint N represent 39.94%. There is a solid covalent bond in between Si and also N (of which the ion bond make up just 30%), so the Si3N4 has high hardness (Morse solidity 9), high melting factor as well as steady framework.
The Si-N in silicon nitride crystal is primarily covalent bond, and also the bonding strength is high, so it has a big flexible modulus (4.7 × & times; 105kg/cm2). The coefficient of thermal expansion is reduced, however the thermal conductivity is huge, so this product is challenging to generate thermal stress and anxiety, so it has good thermal shock resistance and also excellent thermal shock resistance. It has sturdiness, high mechanical strength at heat as well as little contortion at heat. (the heat contortion of silicon nitride ceramic with 2.5 g/cm3 density is 0.5% at 1200 × & times; 1000h ℃ as well as 23 × & times; 7kg/cm2 load). Not eroded by numerous metals, as a result of the development of a silicon dioxide layer, great oxidation resistance and excellent electric insulation.

Silicon nitride has no melting point and also sublimates and also disintegrates at 1900 ℃ under air pressure. The particular heat is 711.8 J/ kg ℃. The microhardness of α & alpha; phase and & beta; stage is 10 ~ 16GPa as well as 24.5 ~ 32.65 Grade point average respectively. Since it is a solid covalent bond compound, no liquid stage will certainly be formed below its disintegration temperature level (concerning 1900 ℃), so silicon nitride materials can be sintered with the aid of oxide ingredients. The oxide materials that promote sintering are mostly Y2O3, Al2O3, etc, and the high addition amount can get to 20%. The reaction principle is that the SiO2 oxide film formed on the surface of silicon nitride bits reacts with the included oxide to develop fluid phase and also penetrate at the grain limit to guarantee high diffusion capability throughout material migration.

Chemical Security of Silicon Nitride
Si3N4 is a thermodynamically secure substance. Silicon nitride ceramics can be consumed to 1400 ℃ in oxidation environment and also 1850 ℃ in neutral or reducing environment. Actually, the oxidation reaction of Si3N4 takes place above 800C:
Si3N4 +3 O2=3SiO2+N2.

The weight of the sample raised as well as a thick silica safety layer was progressively formed on the surface, which stopped the more oxidation of Si3N4. The weight gain was not noticeable up until the temperature level was above 1600 ℃. But in the damp environment, Si3N4 is really easy to oxidize, and the surface area begins to oxidize at 200 ℃, which has to do with two times as quick as that in dry air. The oxidation activation energy of Si3N4 powder in water vapor is clearly lower than that in oxygen and also air. The reason is that water vapor can react with Si3N4 via amorphous SiO2 movies:
Si3N4 +6 WATER=3SiO2+NH3.

Silicon nitride is steady to most metal remedies, without rust and also infiltration, such as Al, Sn, Pb, Bi, Ga, Zn, Cd, Au, Ag and so on. Nonetheless, for Cu solution, it is not eroded only in vacuum cleaner or inert atmosphere; Mg can respond weakly with Si3N4; silicon option can damp Si3N4 and also deteriorate somewhat; change element remedy can strongly wet Si3N4 as well as kind silicide with Si to quickly decompose silicon nitride and also retreat N2 at the exact same time. Si3N4 is stable to alloy remedies such as brass, tough light weight aluminum and also nickel silver, and has great rust resistance to cast iron and also tool carbon steel, but it is not immune to Ni-Cr alloy as well as stainless-steel.

Except for liquified NaOH as well as HF, silicon nitride has good chemical deterioration resistance. But the majority of the molten antacid and also salt can interact with Si3N4 to decompose it.

Silicon Nitride used in Refractories.
Silicon nitride porcelains are called appealing high temperature structural products due to their superb heat properties, such as heat stamina, great wear resistance and also corrosion resistance. Due to the strong covalent bond as well as reduced diffusion coefficient at heat, the manufacture of Si3N4 porcelains need to rely on heat, high pressure and sintering agent, as well as the cost is too high, or else it is challenging to produce high quality silicon nitride materials. These restrictions of production expenses and also equipment are hard to approve in the metallurgical sector, so the research in the field of refractories starts reasonably late, as well as the study is not extensive. Lots of theories come from ceramics, yet there is very little advancement. In the past, silicon nitride normally existed in the form of bonding phase in refractories. Via nitriding and shooting of steel Si, accumulations such as corundum or silicon carbide were incorporated with great powder, so as to accomplish the purpose of incorporating refractory products. Ceramic shed plate is silicon carbide aggregate and also part of great powder. Silicon nitride is created by nitriding steel Si to create silicon nitride. Silicon carbide is combined to develop silicon nitride bonded silicon carbide product, which is used in blast heater body as well as various other parts, to ensure that the efficiency of the material has been substantially enhanced. Compared to the clay bound silicon carbide lost plate, the high temperature performance of the material is excellent, which resolves the issue of protruding failure brought on by the oxidation of silicon carbide when the clay bound silicon carbide dropped plate is utilized.

Silicon nitride Rate
The cost is affected by many aspects including the supply and demand in the marketplace, market trends, financial task, market sentiment, and also unanticipated occasions.
If you are seeking the most recent Silicon nitride powder cost, you can send us your query for a quote. (

Silicon nitride Vendor
Innovation Co. Ltd. is a relied on Si3N4 supplier and Si3N4 distributor with over 12-year-experience. We deliver our items all over the world.

If you are trying to find top quality Si3N4 powder, please do not hesitate to call us as well as send out a query. (

Inquiry us

Our Latest Answers

Silicon Nitride structures and properties

Crystal structure of Silicon NitrideSi3N4 has 2 type of crystal structure: α& alpha;- Si3N4 is granular crystal and also β& beta; -Si3N4 is needle crystal. Both of them are three-dimensional networks made up of common vertices of [SN4] tet…

Silicon Carbide Used in Electric Automotive

Silicon Carbide FeatureSilicon carbide (SiC) is a substance semiconductor material composed of carbon and also silicon, and also has the characteristics of broad band space with gallium nitride (GaN), so it is called the 3rd generation semiconductor…

Aluminum Oxide Powder used as Carrier

What is light weight aluminum oxide service provider?Light weight aluminum oxide provider describes white powder or shaped Aluminum oxide solid, which is one of the most extensively utilized stimulant provider, accounting for about 70% of industrial…